How To Make Research Paper
At a higher level of education, one time or the other or even throughout your study, you will have to write research papers. A research paper explores and identifies scientific, technical and social issues. However, first-timers might find writing research papers a considerable challenge, but if you stay focused and organized, you can surmount the challenge. This post will teach you how to write a research paper.
How To Write A Research Paper In Four Steps
Writing research papers takes some steps, and if you follow them carefully, you will arrive at your destination with ease. Of course, you can just Google “research paper how to write” and get a zillion of results, but you are already reading this article where we’ve come up with some tips that will help you write your research paper with close to no effort.
There are fours steps to write a research paper:
- Select a topic
- Research the topic
- Write an outline
- Write the research
Select A Topic
- Find Answers Some Basic Questions: When picking a research topic, answer some basic questions which will determine the success of your paper. Selecting a topic is important because if you choose a good topic, the research will come out excellent but if not, the reverse will be the case. Sometimes the topic could be anything while other times it might be based on some strict requirement by your professor or lecturer.
Ask yourself these questions: Will I be able to get enough resources on the supposed topic. Is the topic relatively new and unique or not? Is it relevant to the issues in my field of study?
- Choose a topic you love: The tendency exists that when we choose what we love, the passion for pursuing it to completion remains high. Hence, from the list of options, ensure you select the topic you love and would enjoy writing.
- Choose a topic you are familiar with: You might love a topic but might not be able to write about it or not know enough about such. Hence choose something you’re familiar with.
- Seek Advice when having issues: If you have problems choosing a topic, consult your mates or even you lecturer or professor to point you in the right direction.
- Narrow your topic options and Change Early: Line your topic side by side and narrow down your options based on the difficulty level, availability of resources, uniqueness and so on. However, if you start writing, but realize that you lost the interest or cannot continue with that topic, do not hesitate to change. Caution, the change must be done once – time and deadline wait for no one.
Research The Topic
- Proceed with your research: After deciding on the topic to research, you can proceed with the research by exploring so many research sources, e.g. books, journal articles, speeches, special lectures, encyclopedias, interviews, websites, blog posts and so on.
While using any of the sources only professional resources that offer valid research and understanding of the topic in question should be selected. In addition, do not limit yourself to one source, feel free to explore at least five of the options.
- Get an Empirical research: Empirical research refers to a study conducted by experts using empirical evidence conducted by direct and indirect observation or experience. You can get that information from books or articles written by experts in your field of study. Importantly, get such works which over time have been read and guaranteed for by other experts in that field. You can get such works from the library, online, professional or academic database among others.
- Hit the Library: Where can you get books? At the library! Either your school library, public library or even online library will do. Libraries remain the best source of research resources – believe it or not. A well stock and updated library, contain so many books old or new, journals, newspapers and various papers on diverse subjects, topics or fields.
Walk into the library and get all the resources you need for your paper, and you will be surprised what you will find. Furthermore, to make your search easy and quick, ask the librarian for help. The librarian is an expert in that field and would offer you all the support you will require, do consult them.
- Hit the Wed: You can use online search via various search engines, e.g. Google, Yahoo, Ask, and so on to search for sources online. However, not all online sites have legitimate and trustworthy resources. Generally, schools, government, and organizational sites are safe sites to deal with, and their sites usually end with .edu, .gov, or .org. Perfect the skill of online search to make your job easy.
Create An Outline
- Create notes and markings: After gathering the materials for the research read them through to get the facts therein. If you are using online resources, ensure you print them out. As you read, create notes of essential areas to the topic and mark compelling and vital areas in the resources. You need to do a great job here for your research paper to come out great.
- Organize the notes and markings created: After spending quality time marking and making notes in your material, organizing them will take you further ahead to the finish line. Organize your notes in a way you can easily use them. Use color code, post-it notes, etc. to segment essential ideas. Write down the ideas and points from a book, journal and blog post in a sheet of paper for easier referencing. Arrange them in order of importance and based on the subject or ideas addressed.
- Draw up an initial bibliography/reference: Since you have all the materials you drew ideas from marked and ready to be used, then write down the details of the materials.
- Highlight the goal: What kind of research are you writing? The type of research you are writing will determine the focus and style of your writing. There are two types of research papers which include:
- Argumentative research paper – this addresses a contentious issue by taking a position while arguing in support of that point of view. The issue in question must be debatable while having a logical counter-argument.
- Analytic research paper – this addresses a critical issue by offering a fresh view of same. The issue in question need not be controversial, but you need to be able to convince your audience of the quality of your idea. It involves the presentation of your unique stand based on your findings.
- Think about your audience: Who you are writing for remains vital, do not forget that. The tone of your writing remains a function of your audience. If your audience happens to be people in your field, then you can write with all terminologies without explanation. On the contrary, if your audience is the general public, then an explanation of terminologies and fundamental ideas remain paramount.
- Construct your thesis: Thesis statement refers to one or two-sentence statement at the beginning of your paper that states the primary goal or argument of your paper. A thesis wording can be altered when writing the final draft, but the goal of the research must be determined at the beginning of the writing. Importantly, the body of your research must revolve around your thesis statement; hence you must understand it perfectly.
- Highlight your main points: Note your most important points and let your essay body revolve around them. Check your research notes to determine the main points. The ideas that you anchor your arguments or presentation on most refer to the main points. Your main points happen to be the ideas or points you can write so much about.
In a plain sheet of paper, write your main points, then arrange the related research under each of them. After that, re-order the points from the strongest to the weakest. The strongest goes at the beginning and end while the weakest stays in the middle or near the end of the essay.
- Strictly follow the formatting guideline: Rules makes for order and direction. Therefore, ensure you follow the recommended formatting guidelines unless you want your work to be rejected, e.g. if APA format is required, stick to it.
- Fine-tune your outline: Your outline requires some fine-tuning to make it ready for writing. Carefully arrange it, placing the main points to the left and subsection and notes indented below each. The outline is a bird’s eye view of the whole paper. As you write, include in-text citations at the end of each point to prevent constant checking of the research.
Write the research
- Write the body of the research: The introduction of your research should be compelling and exciting, writing it first can be pre-mature since you don’t have all the ideas organized yet. It is better to start with the body. When you start with the body, you remain focused on backing up your thesis, and as you proceed, you can slightly alter and amend your ideas and commentaries.
Since you are writing research, it is expected that you support your ideas/thoughts with evidence. As you write, make the work your own – use your own voice, comments, ideas, etc. to drive your points home. The keyword here is, be unique, avoid plagiarism because someone too might be writing the same topic as you, so get creative!
- Write the conclusion: Summarize all the findings in the body concisely. Make the conclusion simple to read and understandable. Let it connect to the evidence presented in the body and creatively present your closure. Open your conclusion by restating your thesis statement, remind the reader of the points covered then slowly zoom out of the topic to offer the broader implication of your findings.
- Create a compelling introduction: Here present the larger topic to the reader and channel your reader to what area of the big picture you want to cover before supplying the thesis statement. Do not repeat phrases or word already used in the conclusion.
- Finalize your paper: Present your work on the recommended style to avoid plagiarism. You can use MLA, APA or Chicago f It depends on the style required.
- Edit the draft: Do a thorough editing job on your work because there is nothing as bad as a presenting beautiful research work with lousy editing. Editing will enhance the quality of your work. You can use any of the available editing tools to do it and do avoid auto-correct. Check the punctuation, grammar, spellings and so on.
- Create the final draft: After thoroughly editing your paper using the appropriate formatting, finalize all points before proceeding with the final draft. Read again to see the logical presentation of facts and re-order if need Do a general adjusting, formatting, editing and checking to see if formatting standards are met.
Create an introduction page and works cited page to conclude. Save and print your work. Save a copy in an online drive. With that, your job is done! Go on to submit the document to your lecturer or professor.
Well, now you have four comprehensive steps to writing a research paper. Remember, to get an A+ your research paper must be thorough, well organized and detailed! Good luck!